Athlete Resource Center - Running - Running: Gait Analysis | Eastbay

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Running: Analyzing Your Gate

Eastbay Running Copywriter, J. Sisko

Date Updated on: 2-14-12

Gait Analysis

The gait of a runner determines what shoes will help the body become as efficient as possible. Running in the wrong shoe can severely hurt a runner. Do you know your gait? If not, below are images of the different types of running styles and a video that will help explain how to determine your running gait.


Common Questions Runners Ask

When it comes time to select that perfect running shoe, you may have more questions than answers. Read the FAQs


Watch the Gait Analysis video

Gait Running Video


3 Different types of Gait Running Patterns
  • Neutral
    Neutral runners also land on the outside portion of their feet; however, from there, a slight role of the foot and ankle towards the midline of the body through midstance occurs to help absorb the shock. At toe-off, the pressure is very uniform across the front of the foot, with slightly more pressure on the ball of the foot.
  • Supination
    Supination occurs a when runner lands on the outside part of his or her foot. The pressure remains on the outside edge, from the initial contact all the way through midstance and into toe-off, with virtually no movement of the ankle toward the inside.
  • Pronation
    Pronation occurs when a runner lands on the outside portion of his or her foot, and the foot and ankle then roll significantly towards the inside through midstance. The greater the roll, the more excessive the pronation. As pronation increases, it is called "over-pronation". At toe-off, the pressure will be more excessive under the ball of the foot/big toe, as the body uses this area to try and stabilize the foot.
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